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Erigonum fasciculatum
Eriogonum fasciculatum form.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Unranked: Angiosperms
Unranked: Eudicots
Unranked: Core eudicots
Order: Caryophyllales
Family: Polygonaceae
Genus: Eriogonum
Species: E. fasciculatum
Binomial name
Eriogonum fasciculatum
Benth.

Eriogonum fasciculatum is a species of wild buckwheat known by the common names California buckwheat and Eastern Mojave buckwheat. This common shrub is native to the southwestern United States and northwestern Mexico, where it grows on scrubby slopes and in chaparral and dry washes in a number of habitats.

There are a number of distinct varieties. It is variable in appearance, forming a patchy, compact bramble or a spreading bush approaching two meters in height and three across. The leaves grow in clusters at nodes along the branches and are leathery, woolly on the undersides, and rolled under along the edges. Flowers appear in dense, frilly clusters which may be anywhere from a few millimeters to 15 centimeters wide. Each individual flower is pink and white and only a few millimeters across.[1] Many Native American groups utilized parts of this plant for a number of medicinal uses, including the treatment of headache, diarrhea, and wounds. This variety is particularly attractive to honey bees (Apis mellifera) and is a good source of nectar over many months in dryer areas.

SynonymEdit

Eriogonum ssp.

Common NameEdit

California Buckwheat, California wild buckwheat, Coastal California buckwheat, wild buckwheat, Eastern Mojave buckwheat, Eastern mojave wild buckwheat

RequirementsEdit

  • Dry, rocky soils

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