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| Prunus ilicifolia|
(Nutt. ex Hook. & Arn.) Walp.
It is an evergreen shrub or small tree up to 15 m tall, with dense, sclerophyllous foliage. The leaves are 1.6-12 cm long with a 4–25 mm petiole and spiny margins, somewhat resembling those of the holly, hence its English name; they are dark green when mature and generally shiny on top, and have a smell resembling almonds when crushed. The flowers are small (1-5 mm), white, produced on racemes in the spring. The fruit is a cherry 12–25 mm diameter, edible and sweet, but contains little flesh surrounding the smooth seed.
- Prunus ilicifolia subsp. ilicifolia. Mainland California and Baja California. Fruit red, 12–18 mm diameter.
- Prunus ilicifolia subsp. lyonii (Eastw.) Raven. Catalina cherry. Channel Islands of California (San Clemente, Santa Catalina, Santa Cruz and Santa Rosa Island islands). Fruit blue-black, 15–25 mm diameter.
Hollyleaf Cherry, Evergreen Cherry
- Dry soil
- Can grow up to 9 meters in height
- The pit of the fruit is toxic
- Adapted to fire and will resprout from the root crown
- Can be used as a hedge
- ↑ E.G. Gudde (1946). The Solution of the Islay Problem. California Folklore Quarterly 5 (3): 298-299 (Gudde concludes that the word "islay" originated in a Salinan word slay; Islay was the Spanish version of their word).
- ↑ Germplasm Resources Information Network: Prunus ilicifolia
- ↑ Fire Effects Information Service, USDA Forest Service: Prunus ilicifolia
- ↑ Jepson Flora: Prunus ilicifolia
- ↑ Munz, Philip A. 1973. A California flora and supplement. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
- ↑ Conrad, C. E. (1987). Common shrubs of chaparral and associated ecosystems of southern California. Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-99. Berkeley, CA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Forest and Range Experiment Station.
- ↑ Jepson Flora: Prunus ilicifolia subsp. ilicifolia
- ↑ Jepson Flora: Prunus ilicifolia subsp. lyonii
- ↑ Schoenherr, A. A. (1993). A Natural History of California. University of California Press, Berkeley.