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Indian Hawthorn Bloom.jpg
Rhaphiolepis indica in flower
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Unranked: Angiosperms
Unranked: Eudicots
Unranked: Rosids
Order: Rosales
Family: Rosaceae
Subfamily: Maloideae or Spiraeoideae [1]
Genus: Rhaphiolepis

About 15 species, including:
Rhaphiolepis ferruginea
Rhaphiolepis fragrans
Rhaphiolepis indica
Rhaphiolepis integerrima
Rhaphiolepis kerrii
Rhaphiolepis lanceolata
Rhaphiolepis major
Rhaphiolepis salicifolia
Rhaphiolepis umbellata

Rhaphiolepis is a genus of about 15 species of evergreen shrubs and small trees in the family Rosaceae, native to warm temperate and subtropical eastern and southeastern Asia, from southern Japan, southern Korea and southern China south to Thailand and Vietnam. The genus is closely related to Eriobotrya (loquats). The common name hawthorn (shared with the related genus Crataegus) is used for the species.

The species vary in size, some only reaching 1-1.5 m, while R. ferruginea can reach 10 m. The leaves are alternate, leathery, glossy dark green, simple, 3–9 cm long, with an entire or serrated margin. The flowers are white or pink, 1–2 cm diameter, produced in small to large corymbs. The fruit is a small pome 1–2 cm diameter, ripening dark purple to black, usually containing only a single seed.

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