Viburnum plicatum
Viburnum plicatum Mariesii B.jpg
Plant in flower
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Unranked: Angiosperms
Unranked: Eudicots
Unranked: Asterids
Order: Dipsacales
Family: Adoxaceae
Genus: Viburnum
Species: V. plicatum
Binomial name
Viburnum plicatum

Viburnum plicatum is a species of Viburnum, native to eastern Asia, in China, Korea, Japan, and Taiwan.[1]

It is a deciduous shrub growing to 3 m tall. The leaves are opposite, 5–10 cm long and 3–6 cm broad, simple ovate to oval, with a serrated margin. The flowers are produced in flat corymbs 5–10 cm diameter, comprising a central cluster of fertile yellowish-white flowers 5 mm diameter, surrounded by a ring of showy, sterile flowers 2–3 cm diameter, which act as a target guide to pollinating insects. The fruit is an ovoid blue-black drupe 8–10 mm long.[2][3]

Plants from Taiwan are sometimes distinguished as Viburnum plicatum var. formosanum Liu & Ou.[4]

Cultivation and usesEdit

File:Snowball bush flowers.jpg

Viburnum plicatum is a popular ornamental plant, both in its native area and elsewhere in temperate regions. Some of the more popular cultivars are selected for having all of their flowers large and sterile with few or no fertile flowers; their flowerheads resemble a snowball, giving them the popular name "Japanese snowball bush". Cultivars of this type include 'Grandiflorum' and 'Rotundifolium'. Cultivars with wild-type flowerhead structure include 'Cascade', 'Lanarth', 'Mariesii', and 'Rowallane'.[2][3]


  1. Germplasm Resources Information Network: Viburnum plicatum
  2. 2.0 2.1 Huxley, A., ed. (1992). New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. Macmillan ISBN 0-333-47494-5.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Bean, W. J. (1980). Trees and Shrubs Hardy in the British Isles 8th ed., vol. 4. John Murray ISBN 0-7195-2428-8.
  4. Taiwan Endemic Species Research Institute: Viburnum plicatum var. formosanum

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